This congress is generally regarded as one of the first organized and coordinated political actions of the American Revolution, although its participants did not express at all their interest in the independence of Great Britain.  Despite significant political differences and differences between the thirteen colonies, tensions caused by the harsh parliamentary reaction to the Boston Tea Party of 1773 led to the convening of the First Continental Congress, which resulted in a unified response to the unbearable acts of 1774. Colonies such as Quebec and Nova Scotia, which had only moderate opposition to the Stamp Act, remained moderated by rising protests and remained loyal during the American War of Independence. However, the articles of Confederation have proven to be an imperfect instrument for a nation at peace with the world. The years following the end of the War of Independence in 1783 faced a series of difficulties that Congress was unable to adequately resolve: serious financial difficulties, intergovernmental rivalries and internal political tensions. A movement developed for constitutional reform that culminated in the Philadelphia Convention of 1787. The convention delegates decided to abolish the statutes altogether and create a new system of government. In 1789, the new U.S. Constitution came into force and the Continental Congress was postponed forever and replaced by the U.S. Congress.
Although the Continental Congress did not work well in a time of peace, it had helped guide the nation through one of its worst crises, declare independence and win a war to ensure that independence. In June 1765, the Massachusetts Assembly drafted a letter sent to the “legislatives of the various colonies of this continent” to “discuss together the present circumstances of the colonies.”  Nine colonies eventually selected delegates to participate in Congress: Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland and South Carolina.  All selected delegates were members of their colonial legislative bodies.  Formal meetings of the Stamp Act Congress were held behind closed doors, although some of its affairs were held in informal meetings in cafes and other evening facilities. Deputy Governor Colden, who was unable to prevent the meeting, called it an illegal convention and said, “Anything that can be used for this meeting, its actual intentions can be dangerous.”  Delegates were aware that they were in fact loyal to the Crown.